OLDEST NATIONAL PARK IN INDIA – JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK ( भारत का ब्रिटिश कालीन राष्ट्रीय उद्यान)

OLDEST NATIONAL PARK IN INDIA - JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK ( भारत का ब्रिटिश कालीन राष्ट्रीय उद्यान)

OLDEST NATIONAL PARK IN INDIA – JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK ( भारत का ब्रिटिश कालीन राष्ट्रीय उद्यान)

Jim Corbett National Park is India’s oldest national park and was founded in 1936 as the Hale National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. Located in the Nainital and Pauri Garhwal districts of Uttarakhand, it is named after Jim Corbett, a famous hunter and naturalist. Administrative body: Tiger Project, Uttarakhand State Government, Wildlight Watch, Jim Co … Location: Nainital, Pauri Garwal Uttarakhand, India Visitors: 500,000 (1999) Established: 1936

The park has geographical and environmental features of the Himalayan subregion. [3] Ecotourism destinations [4] totals 488 species of plants and diverse fauna. [5] [6] Increased tourism activity remains a major concern for the park’s environmental balance. [7] Corbett has long been a tourist destination for tourists and nature lovers. Sightseeing is allowed only in certain places of the Corbett Tiger Reserve, so people can see landscapes and wildlife. In recent years [here?], The number of people coming here has increased dramatically. Today, over 70,000 visitors visit the park every season. Corbett National Park covers 520.8 km2 (201.1 m²) of hills, rivers, wetlands, prairies and large lakes. Height is from 400 to 1220 meters. Winter nights are cold, but the weather is sunny and sunny. Rain from July to September

HISTORY

Some sections of the park once belonged to the princely country of Teheri Garwal [8]. The forest service was cut down by the Ministry of the Environment (Uta Lacande) to make this area less vulnerable to Lochila invaders. [8] Tegra Raja formally transferred some of the prince’s country companies to East India in exchange for asylum support. Crows are their strength. Terah, Buxas, settled on the ground and began farming, but was driven out by the rise of British rule in the early 1860s.

Efforts to save the region’s forests began in the 19th century with Major British officer Ramsey, who led the region during this period. The first step towards protecting the territory began in 1868, when the UK Department of Forestry introduced land control and banned the planting and operation of livestock. In 1879, these forests were converted into nature reserves, where only limited deforestation was allowed. In the early 1900s, several Englishmen, including Э. R. Stevens and А.. A. Smith, proposed creating a national park on this land. The British government was considering supporting this game in 1907. Until the 1930s, the process of restricting such territories began. In 1936, when Mali Haley was the Governor of the United States, a 323.75 km2 protected area, known as the Haley National Park, was created. And the first national park in Asia was created. [1

The nature reserves were renamed to Ramang National Park in 1954–55 and Corbett National Park in 1955–56. The new name distinguishes the famous writer from the naturalist Jim Corbett. The park was well developed in 1930 under an elected government. But during World War II, he went through excessive hunting and logging. Over time, reserves increased, and in 1991, 797.72 km2 (308.00 square miles) were added to Corbett Tiger Nature Reserve as a buffer zone. The 1991 application covers the entire unit of the Kalagar Forest and covers an area of ​​301.18 km2 (116.29 sq. Miles) in the Sona Nadi Nature Reserve as part of the Kalagar unit. It was chosen as the starting point for the Tiger project, an ambitious and renowned conservation project in 1974. Stocks are managed at headquarters in Nainital County. Corbett National Park is one of 13 protected areas of the World Wide Fund for Nature.

LOCATION
The park is located between 29 ° 25 ‘and 29 ° 39’ north latitude, 78 ° 44 ‘and 79 ° 07’ east longitude. The height of the area is from 360 m (1 018 m) to 1,040 m (3412 ft). [3] There are various canyons, ranges, small streams and small plateaus with various plateaus and slopes. The park includes the Patli Dun Valley formed by the Ramanga River. [14] It protects the ecological regions of moist deciduous forests and the northern Himalayan subtropical pine forests of the northern Ganges. It has a humid subtropical climate and high mountains. Currently, the reservation area is 1,518.54 square meters. Km (509.09 sq. Miles), the main area – 520 sq. Km (200 sq. Miles), and the buffer zone – 797.72 sq. Km. Km (308.00 sq. Miles). The main territory is the Jim Corbett National Park, and the buffer includes protected forests (496.54 sq. Km) and Sonadi Nature Reserve (301.18 sq. Km). ) special

ECOTOURISM

Though the main focus is protection of wildlife, the reserve management has also encouraged ecotourism.[10] In 1993, a training course covering natural history, visitor management and park interpretation was introduced to train nature guides.[10] A second course followed in 1995 which recruited more guides for the same purpose.[10] This allowed the staff of the reserve, previously preoccupied with guiding the visitors, to carry out management activities uninterrupted.[10] Additionally, the Indian government has organised workshops on ecotourism in Corbett National Park and Garhwal region to ensure that the local citizens profit from tourism while the park remains protected.[10]

patil & Joshi (1997) consider summer (April–June) to be the best season for Indian tourists to visit the park while recommending the winter months (November–January) for foreign tourists.[17] According to Riley & Riley (2005): “Best chances of seeing a tiger to come late in the dry season- April to mid-June-and go out with mahouts and elephants for several days.”[6]

As early as 1991, the Corbett National Park played host to 3237 tourist vehicles carrying 45,215 visitors during the main tourist seasons between 15 November and 15 June.[4] This heavy influx of tourists has led to visible stress signs on the natural ecosystem.[4] Excessive trampling of soil due to tourist pressure has led to reduction in plant species and has also resulted in reduced soil moisture.[4] The tourists have increasingly used fuel wood for cooking.[4] This is a cause of concern as this fuel wood is obtained from the nearby forests, resulting in greater pressure on the forest ecosystem of the park.[4] Additionally, tourists have also caused problems by making noise, littering and causing disturbances in general.[18]

In 2007, the naturalist and photographer Kahini Ghosh Mehta made the first comprehensive travel guide on Corbett National Park.[citation needed] The film, titled Wild Saga of Corbett, shows how tourists can contribute to conservation efforts.[citation needed]

OTHER ATTRACTION

Dhikala is a famous place for the park and is located at the end of the Patli Dun Valley. There is a holiday built a hundred years ago. The peak of Kanda forms the background and view of the Dikala Valley. [19] Jeep safaris are the most common way to travel through national parks. You can rent a jeep to visit the park in Ramnagar. [20] Hiking: Tourists cannot walk in the park, but can only walk in the park with a guide. Winter is winter, therefore, tourists should create conditions suitable for clothing when traveling in winter. Running Safari is possible in the buffer zone and is very useful in Corbett, where there are many healthy and fertile buffer zones. Find a cabin with qualified staff. [22] The Kala Gar Dam is a dam in the southwest of the reserve. This is one of the best places for bird watching. Many boat cooperatives migrate