“जहां डाल डाल पर सोने की चिड़िया करती बसेरा वो भारत देश है मेरा वो भारत देश है मेरा।” यार सोने की चिड़िया 15 अगस्त 1947 को अंग्रेजी हुकूमत से आजाद हुई। विश्व रत्ना डॉक्टर बाबासाहेब आंबेडकर और उनकी सहकारी अतीक मेहनत करके 26 नवंबर 1949 को भारत को प्रजातंत्र बनाने की नींव रखी और 26 जनवरी 1950 को दुनिया में एक नया प्रजातंत्र का निर्माण हुआ वह प्रजातंत्र का भारतीय प्रजातंत्र।
पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू इस भारतीय प्रजातंत्र के पहले पंतप्रधान थे। जब नेहरू जी भारत के पंतप्रधान बने थे तब भारत के सामने बड़ी विकट परिस्थिति थी क्योंकि देश अंग्रेजों से गुलामी से आजाद हुआ था और भारत के सामने काफी बड़ी चनिया पिया थी क्योंकि भारत का एक अंग पाकिस्तान से अलग हुआ था और उनका भी गुजारा करने के लिए भारत से पैसा गया था और उसे भी पाकिस्तान ने भारत पर हमला बोला था।
पाकिस्तान का अलग होना उसका भारत पर आक्रमण करना और भारत के उज्जवल भविष्य की चिंता इतनी सारी चुनौतियां उनके सामने थी।
इतने विकट परिस्थितियों के बावजूद भी पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू ने भारत को कुशल नेतृत्व दिया और भारत को दुनिया के सबसे बड़ा प्रजातंत्र बनाने की ओर अग्रसर बनाया। 1962 में चीन का आक्रमण और उसके बाद 1965 में पाकिस्तान का आक्रमण और पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरु जी का अचानक जाना भारत पर भारी संकट आ पड़ा लेकिन लाल बहादुर शास्त्री जी ने भारत को सक्षम नेतृत्व दिया और भारत के बुनियादी ढांचे को बनाए रखा।
भारत दुनिया का सबसे बड़ा लोकतंत्र बनकर उभर रहा था। लेकिन बदकिस्मती से लाल बहादुर शास्त्री भी अचानक चले गए और भारत का नेतृत्व इंदिरा गांधी जी के हाथ में आया।
इंदिरा गांधी ने भारत को सबसे बड़ा प्रजातंत्र के साथ-साथ दुनिया के दबाव के बावजूद भी भारत को अनु शक्ति बनाने का साहस दिखाया।
सन 1984 में राजनीतिक हत्याकांड में इंदिरा गांधी की हत्या हुई और देश का नेतृत्व राजीव गांधी जी के हाथ में आया। राजीव गांधी ने भारत को संगणक का सपना दिखाया और और भारत में संगणक युग की शुरुआत हुई।
राजीव गांधी की जाने के बाद भारत में आर्थिक मंदी थी ऐसे में सन 1991 में पीवी नरसिम्हा राव और उनके तत्कालीन अर्थ मंत्री डॉ मनमोहन सिंह भारत के लिए संकटमोचक बनकर आए और भारत की अर्थव्यवस्था को पटरी पर लाया।
लेकिन बाबरी मस्जिद विध्वंस के कारण पी वी नरसिंह राव और कांग्रेस को सन 1996 में करारी हार झेलनी पड़ी।
इसके बाद आई सरकार अपना कार्यकाल पूरा नहीं कर पाई और सन 1990 में अटल बिहारी बाजपेई और उनके सहयोगी पार्टी ने राष्ट्रीय लोकशाही दल (NDA) स्थापित किया और सरकार स्थापन की जिसने 2004 तक अपना पूरा 5 साल का कार्यकाल पूरा किया लेकिन 2002 के गोधरा कांड में बीजेपी सरकार को कलंक लगा और उनको सत्ता गंवानी पड़ी।
2004 में हुए आम चुनाव में कांग्रेस सबसे बड़ी पार्टी ऊपर कराई और उन्होंने अपने सहयोगी दल मिलकर संयुक्त पुरोगामी आघाडी (UPA) की स्थापना की और डॉ मनमोहन सिंह के नेतृत्व में सरकार स्थापन की।
डॉ मनमोहन सिंह की सरकार द्वारा चलाए गए कुछ सामाजिक कार्यक्रम ने भारतीय प्रजातंत्र का चेहरा मोहरा बदल दिया और भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था ने रफ्तार पकड़ ली और वह दुनिया में सबसे तेजी से विकसित होने वाली दूसरी अर्थव्यवस्था बन गई थी।
सन 2014 के आम चुनाव में भारतीय जनता पार्टी सबसे बड़ी पार्टी उभर कर आई और उसने नरेंद्र मोदी के नेतृत्व में सरकार की स्थापना की।
लेकिन पिछले 6 सालों में भारतीय प्रजातंत्र को न जाने किसकी नजर लग गई कि वहां पर लोकशाही के पवित्र मंदिर की चाबी कुछ पूंजीपतियों के हाथों में जाने के आसार दिख रहे हैं।
भारत सरकार को मोहरा बनाकर कुछ पूंजीपति भारतीय लोकशाही को हथियाना चाहते हैं और उनको पूंजीवादी राष्ट्र बनाना चाहते हैं।
ऐसा लग रहा है कि भारतीय प्रजातंत्र राजा तंत्र बनने जा रहा है।
1993 to 2011 was the dramatic episode for Indian politics. There were some event happened during this period which turned direction of Indian politics. Which were these event sent established government back to home in consequence.
A. 1993 – Babri Masjid demolition B. 2002 – Godhra scandal C. 2011 – Anna Movement D. 2020 – Farmer movement
SEZs are geographical regions with liberal economic laws compared to the domestic economic laws of a country. In India, special economic zones came to being after the government made a pronouncement announcing the policy in April 2000 with a view to attracting foreign direct investments, creating state-of-the-art infrastructure for business purposes, and allowing trouble-free custom duties.
A special economic zone not only offers state-of-the-art infrastructure, but it also offers a viable opportunity to a pool of skilled workers, as well as an attractive ROI to both developers and companies. Let’s us take a look at other benefits inherent in a special economic zone
Tax exemption: A SEZ offers 100% tax exemption for a 5 years duration and another extra 2 years tax relief of 50%.
Foreign direct investments in the manufacturing industry are allowed 100% influx through an automatic channel.
Establishment of off-shore banking services
Exemption of Central sales tax and Service tax
Foreign borrowings to the tune of USD$500 million is permitted within a year through an approved banking network
Players do not need the authorization to carry out import
100% FDI in the areas of customary telephone facilities.
No custom tariff when buying raw products, merchandise, as well as spare parts.
No routine inspection by men and officers of the Indian customs for import and export freight
State tax exemption
No levy would be imposed by State Governments
Approvals at both the state and central is a single window.
RtI is a process designed to help schools focus on high quality interventions that are matched to student needs and monitored on a frequent basis. The information gained from an RtI process is used by school personnel and parents to adapt instruction and to make decisions regarding the student’s educational program.
Get to know your personal grievances
Improve the situation around yourself
Solve long pending issues of the society
Make your elected representative accountable
Make your Online social presence relevant and helpful
Make connections with Government Officers
Become the News Reporter
3. BHARAT NIRMAN
Bharat Nirman is a business plan for rural infrastructure which was implemented by the Government of India in order to provide some basic amenities to the rural India.
Accepting the policy ‘a step towards village’, Union Government has launched a new scheme, named ‘Bharat Nirman Yojana’ on December 16, 2005. This scheme aims at developing rural infrastructure. This yojna is governed by the Ministry of Rural Development
Irrigation: To ensure irrigation for additional one crore hectare of land by 2009.
Roads: To link all villages of 1000 population with roads and also to link all ST and hilly villages upto 500 population with roads. Upto December 2012 a total of 47354 habitations have been connected under Bharat Nirman out of 63940 habitations to be connected while works for 60421 habitations is sanctioned.
Housing: Construction of 60 lakh additional houses for the poor. Under Bharat Nirman Programme Phase-I, 60 lakh houses were envisaged to be constructed under Indira Gandhi Avas Yojana all over the country during the four years i.e., from 2005-06 to 2008-09. Against this target, 71.76 lakh houses were constructed with an expenditure of Rs. 21720.39 crore. Target for Phase-II under Bharat Nirman is 120 lakh houses over a period of 5 years (2009-10 to 2013-14). During the first three years more than 85.72 lakh houses have been constructed.
Water Supply: To ensure drinking water to all remaining 74000 villages.
Electrification: To supply electricity to all remaining 125000 villages & to provide electricity connection to 2.3 crore houses.
Rural Communication : To provide telephone facility to all remaining 66822 villages.
4. NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEME (NREGA) 2005
Mahatma Gandhi Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (or, NREGA No 42, later renamed as the “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act”, MGNREGA), is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’. This act was passed in September 2005 under the UPA government of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.
The MGNREGA was initiated with the objective of “enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work”.
Another aim of MGNREGA is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds and wells). Employment is to be provided within 5 km of an applicant’s residence, and minimum wages are to be paid. If work is not provided within 15 days of applying, applicants are entitled to an unemployment allowance.
That is, if the government fails to provide employment, it has to provide certain unemployment allowances to those people. Thus, employment under MGNREGA is a legal entitlement.
5. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU NATIONAL URBAN RENEWAL MISSION (JNNURN)
The scheme was officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 3 December 2005 as a programme meant to improve the quality of life and infrastructure in the cities.
It was launched in 2005 for a seven-year period (up to March 2012) to encourage cities to initiate steps for bringing phased improvements in their civic service levels.
The government had extended the tenure of the mission for another two years, i.e from April 2012 to March 31, 2014.
JNNURM was a huge mission which relates primarily to development in the context of urban conglomerates focusing to the Indian cities.
JnNURM aims at creating ‘economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive Cities’ by a strategy of upgrading the social and economic infrastructure in cities, provision of Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP) and wide-ranging urban sector reforms to strengthen municipal governance in accordance with the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution.
India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the Act came into force on 1 April 2010.
The National Food Security Act, 2013 (also Right to Food Act) is an Act of the Parliament of Indiawhich aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India’s 1.2 billion people. It was signed into law on 12 September 2013, retroactive to 5 July 2013.
Coverage and entitlement under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) : Up to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population will be covered under TPDS, with uniform entitlement of 5 kg per person per month.
However, since Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households constitute poorest of the poor, and are presently entitled to 35 kg per household per month, entitlement of existing AAY households will be protected at 35 kg per household per month
.State-wise coverage : Corresponding to the all India coverage of 75% and 50% in the rural and urban areas, State-wise coverage will be determined by the Central Government. Planning Commission has determined the State-wise coverage by using the NSS Household Consumption Survey data for 2011-12.
Subsidised prices under TPDS and their revision :Foodgrains under TPDS will be made available at subsidised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains for a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act.
Thereafter prices will be suitably linked to Minimum Support Price (MSP). In case, any State’s allocation under the Act is lower than their current allocation, it will be protected up to the level of average offtake under normal TPDS during last three years, at prices to be determined by the Central Government.
Existing prices for APL households i.e. Rs. 6.10 per kg for wheat and Rs 8.30 per kg for rice has been determined as issue prices for the additional allocation to protect the average offtake during last three years.
Identification of Households : Within the coverage under TPDS determined for each State, the work of identification of eligible households is to be done by States/UTs.
Nutritional Support to women and children :Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children in the age group of 6 months to 14 years will be entitled to meals as per prescribed nutritional norms under Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM) schemes.
Higher nutritional norms have been prescribed for malnourished children up to 6 years of age.
Maternity Benefit : Pregnant women and lactating mothers will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000.
Women Empowerment : Eldest woman of the household of age 18 years or above to be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing of ration cards.
Mechanism : Grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels. States will have the flexibility to use the existing machinery or set up separate mechanism.
Cost of intra-State transportation & handling of foodgrains and FPS Dealers’ margin : Central Government will provide assistance to States in meeting the expenditure incurred by them on transportation of foodgrains within the State, its handling and FPS dealers’ margin as per norms to be devised for this purpose.
Transparency and Accountability : Provisions have been made for disclosure of records relating to PDS, social audits and setting up of Vigilance Committees in order to ensure transparency and accountability.
Food Security Allowance : Provision for food security allowance to entitled beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains or meals.
Penalty : Provision for penalty on public servant or authority, to be imposed by the State Food Commission, in case of failure to comply with the relief recommended by the District Grievance Redressal Officer.
The National Health Mission (NHM) was launched by the government of India in 2013 subsuming the National Rural Health Mission and National Urban Health Mission. It was further extended in March 2018, to continue until March 2020. It is headed by Mission Director and monitored by National Level Monitors appointed by Government of India.
1. INCREASE IN PER CAPITA INCOME 2. ACCELERATED GROWTH OF ECONOMY AND HELP GDP TO TOUCH DOUBLE DIGITS 3. INDIA BECAME FASTEST GROWING ECONOMY IN THE WORLD ONLY AFTER CHINA DURING UPA GOVERNMENT TENURE
When a customer purchases a product through the publisher’s affiliate link, the publisher earns a commission for that sale. It increases sales for the brand and acts as a source of revenue for the publisher, making it a winning strategy for all parties.
Many big online marketing players like Amazon, Flipkart, eBay started affiliate marketing for people to help people in online Money making by online promotion of their products through people.
Affiliate marketing is becoming increasingly important to businesses in a variety of industries. By 2020, affiliate marketing is on pace to become a 6.8 billion dollar industry in the U.S. alone.
As the number of blogs and bloggers has grown, there has been more and more demand for affiliate marketing.
Beacuse affiliate marketing is one of the best ways to monetize a blog, and the most successful publishers are selective about the brands they promote. This helps to establish authenticity and build trust among their readers and followers.
Interest in the affiliate marketing industry has grown consistently since 2013. Many companies used to be skeptical of affiliate marketing; doubting that it could be advantageous to their business. Today, those same companies are working hard to include an affiliate marketing strategy in their digital marketing
Some top affiliate marketing programs in India is Amazon affiliate program, Flipkart affiliate program.
Such programs generate good income when deals complete. These company provide income according to category..
These programs give commission only when deals occurred in particular time i.e for Amazon it set time period of 180 days if there were no transaction occurred within this time Amazon would close your affiliate program.
We are discussing here about affiliate program which can provide you high commission than other and this commission is recurring commission.
What Are Recurring Commissions?
In short, recurring commissions earn you money for every purchase one of your referrals makes, not just a commission on their first purchase alone. Let’s say that you promote a service that has a monthly subscription fee.
SAMrush is most popularly use marketing toolkit mostly used for content SEO optimization. More than 5 million people yes it for content optimization worldwide.
Current status of samrush
Users – 5 million+ Domain – 730 million Geo database – 140 Keywords Search – 18 million
SAMrush gives access to over 40 tools ranging from keyword research to competitor analysis, backlink research, site audits and so on.
SAMrush is most widely used toolkit than any other for SEO optimization. As importance of blogging and YouTube channel increasing day by day, keywords research and SEO optimization is very important to beat the competition.
In such task SEO optimization toolkit is very important to Keep your content or channel in race of Google onpage SEO optimization.
Greed and fear are two, things that can destroy an investor. In the greed to get more money, investors either put their money in the stock market and lose his money in greedy status. If equilibrium is not kept in it, then these two things can destroy the investor. Greed and fear are two opposing emotional states of mindset that caused a person to lose balance and waste their money in full investment.
If you want to be a good investor, then you have to remove both greed and fear from your subjectivity.
Whenever the stock market is in a boom, some investors get caught in the greed and advertising. These investors invest their money when the front man sells it at a high price. The seller has to bear the loss due to it sitting in the high price, and he waits in the hope of getting a fair price at the price at which he buys the stock, but he is not able to get it at a cheap price due to no buyer Does matter.
This is the exact opposite of greed. In the situation, whenever news comes negative in the market, investors lose their stock in the drowning money which big investors take advantage of. A good investor stays in the same mood as how he will get that stock at a cheap price, whenever the market creates an atmosphere of fear, then some investors start selling their Investments and whose benefit is taking big investor.
So whenever you want to invest in a meeting on the square, think and invest thinking. For this, you do complete research.
Because the value of hard-earned money is very precious, do not lose it in the greed and fear.
There are many ways of doing business, ideas is different for different business. But final aim of all businesses is to generate revenue and earn profit. We are discussing some simple ways of business in brief. This business not required any infrastructure, manpower and big money like other. You can build it on your knowledge and skills. Some ideas are as below.
This is the most simplest way of online earnings. If you interested in content writing you must go with blogging. Write online unique and high quality content online through blogging you can earn between $ 100-1000 through blogging.
POST LOCKDOWN ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN 2020 RELIEF PLAN – EPICSA
Coronavirus pandemic lockdown may affect Indian economy. In this economic slowdown yours’ some conservative step may save you from this setback. This may help to rebuilt economy.
EPICSA plans may be conservative steps towards post lockdown slowdown.
E – Environmental integrity P – Positive attitude I – Investment C – Consumption S- Saving A – Austerity
Environmental integrity – Healthy environment makes you healthy. Try to avoid some things which may affect the environment and ecosystem e.g Avoid use of plastic, unnecessary use of vehicle.
Positive attitude – because of lockdown economic slowdown may possible. But you have to prepare to face any situation. your positive attitude can work in any situation. your positive attitude, make you able to deal any condition. So, be positive.
Investment – Corona virus pandemic bring stocks market down by 40% . It means most of the stocks available at a discontented price. Try to invest in stocks market which allows your money to grow and help economy to recap because of inflow of money in market. You can also in some governments scheme and bonds.
Consumption – Our daily needs like food, Kirana etc. Better to give priority to Swadeshi goods. FMCG company like ITC, Tata global and Patanjali are Swadeshi company which can fulfill your daily needs and kirana. Because of which your money flow in country which may help to increase GNP ( gross national product) in fact booster to GDP.
Saving — Drop by drop makes an Ocean. Your small saving may help country to recap slowdown. Avoid unnecessary and not important expenses which helped you to save some money. This saving can help economy through your investment. Use bicycle or walking instead of vehicle at a walking distance work. This can help to save petrol, environment and economy as well. Avoid expenses like fashion, luxury and unnecessary electronic items which can save your money.
Austerity – Austerity is a situation in which people’s living standards are reduced because of economic difficulties. You have to cut some unnecessary expenses like petrol, fashion and cosmetic etc.. To deal with slowdown.
OURS CONSERVATIVE STEPS CAN BRING EPIC RELIEF POST LOCKDOWN ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN
Quora partner program is the new product of quora with gives you opportunity to earn money by asking question on quora platform. Quora is a question and answer platform where you can find answer for any question in your mind. Similarly you can also answer the question on quora. In October 2018 add new feature in their platform that it quora partner program to help individual to earn money from their content.
Eligibility To qualify for your partner program you have to answer first on quora. Quora will send you invitation for quora partner program on basis of your activities on quora.
How to earn on quora? When you ask question on quora, your question will get maximum views. Quora generates revenue by showing ads on your Quora page where you asking question. Quora shares some percent of this revenue with you.
How will get money? Quora will give you money in Dollar through PayPal gateway payment system. So, it is mandatory to sign up for PayPal..