WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN ASSAM

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WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN ASSAM

KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK

WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN ASSAM

Kaziranga National Park WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN ASSAM is a national park in the regions of Golagat, Carbi Anglong and Nagaon in Assam, India. The sanctuary with two-thirds of the world’s largest unicorn rhinos is a World Heritage Site.

According to a March 2018 census, the rhinoceros population in WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN ASSAM the Kaziranga National Park, jointly run by the Assam state government and several wildlife non-governmental groups, is 2,413. );

387 minors (116 men, 149 women, 122 non-gender); And 385 calves. In 2015, the rhino population is 2,401 people.

Kashiranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was designated as a tiger reserve in 2006 (currently the highest density of tigers is in Assam Orang National Park). The park has many elephants, wild buffalo and deer. Confession of Kashi Lang

Kazranga is a vast expanse of ivory, swamps, dense and moist tropical forests where four large rivers intersect, including the Brahmaputra.

The park has a lot of shallow water. Kaziranga is the subject of several books, songs and documentaries. The park celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2005 after it was founded as a forest reserve in 1905.

Location –

Kaziranga is located between 26 ° 30 ‘latitude 26 ° 45’ latitude and 26 ° north latitude 93 ° 36 ‘east of the two areas of Assam in India from the Kaliabar Nagaon unit and the Bokahat unit of the Golahat district.

The park is approximately 40 km (25 miles) from east to west and 13 km (8 miles) from north to south. Casiranga covers an area of ​​378 square kilometers (146 square miles), and about 51.14 square kilometers (20 square miles) were lost due to recent erosion.

A total of 429 km2 (166 m²) were added along the current borders of the park, and a separate state national park was provided to create extended habitats for the corridors to increase wildlife or safety populations.

Animal Migration to Carby Anglong Hill. [14]: P.06 Height from 40 to 80 meters. [Citation needed] The territory of the park is described by the Brahmaputra River, which forms the northeastern border, and the Diflu Sea, which forms this region.

HISTORY –
The history of Kaziranga as a protected area dates back to 1904. The visits were made by Mary Curzon, Baroness Curzon of Kedleston, wife of Kureroi in India, and the monarch of Curzon of Kedston. After she did not see the only rhinoceros known in the area, she launched a protection plan to convince her husband to take immediate measures to protect the floating species. On June 1, 1905, the Kaziranga Protected Forest with an area of ​​232 km2 (90 square miles) was proposed. Brahmaputra River. [7] [Unsuccessful attempt] In 1908, Kaziranga was declared a “forest reserve”. The Kazirang Reserve was redesigned in 1916 and prohibited hunting until 1938, which allowed visitors to enter the park. The Kazirang Reserve was renamed the Kazirang Reserve in 1950.

Plants:

Due to the difference in height between the eastern and western parts of the park, you can see mainly four types of plants: submerged alluvial grasses, alluvial savannahs, deciduous rainforests mixed with moist and semi-evergreen tropical forests. Kumbhi, Indian gooseberries, cotton elephants and apples are some of the famous trees that can be seen in the park. You can also observe changes in aquatic life on lakes, lakes and river banks.

Fauna:

The largest Indian rhino population lives in the forested areas of Kaziranga Park. Wet and humid rainforests found in Kaziranga’s ivory include gibbon bullies, tigers, leopards, Indian elephants, lazy bears, wild buffaloes and marsh deer. Each year, as the tiger population grows, government agencies designate Kaziranga as a tiger reserve in 2006. There are also many species of birds that migrate from Central Asia.

MANAS NATIONAL PARK


The name of the park comes from the Manas River, named after the snake goddess Manas. The Manas River is an important tributary of the Brahmaputra River, which flows through the heart of the national park.

Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (Fron: ˈmʌnəs) is located on the shores of the Himalayan island next to the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered wildlife such as turtles, hippie rabbits, golden marble and dwarf pigs with Assam’s rooftops. Manas is famous for its population of white buffalo.

LOCATION –
The park is divided into three zones. The western part is in Panbari, the middle part is Bansbarinar Barpeta Road, and the eastern part is in Bhuyapara near Pakal. The area is not very well connected. The two main rivers must cross when passing from the center to Panbari, but there are rough roads (daimAri roads) connecting the chain and the center. Most visitors come to Bansbari and spend time in the forests of Mathanguri in Manas, on the border with Bhutan. Physical geography: Manas is located at the foot of the eastern Himalayas and is lush with forests. The Manas River flows through the western part of the park and is the main river. This is an important tributary of the Brahma Putra River, and when it reaches the plain, it is divided into two rivers: Brishi and Bholkaduba. Situated on the wide low alluvial terraces under the foothills outside the Himalayas, five small rivers flow in the national park. Manas

CLIMATE

Climate:
the lowest temperature is about 15 ° C, the highest temperature is about 37 ° C. Heavy rain falls from May to September. The average annual rainfall is 333 centimeters.

HISTORY –

Manas National Park was declared 360 km2 on October 1, 1928. Manas Bio Reserve was founded in 1973. Before the announcement of the sanctuary Manas R.F. North Kamrup R.F. Used by kings Hu Behar and Goripur as hunting grounds. In 1951 and 1955, the area expanded to 391 km2. In December 1985, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Kahitama R.F. Kokira Bari R.F. And Panbury R.F. Added in 1990, it formed Manas National Park. In 1992, UNESCO identified it as a World Heritage Site at risk of poaching and terrorist activities. February 25, 2008, the area increased to 950 km2. On June 21, 2011, he was removed from the Dungerand World Heritage List and received praise for his conservation efforts.

FAUNA

This reserve has 55 mammals, 380 birds, 50 reptiles and 3 amphibians. Of this wildlife, 21 mammals of individual plan I and 31 are endangered. The sanctuary includes the Indian elephant, Indian rhinoceros, gaur, water buffalo, barasingha, Indian tiger, Indian leopard, liquid leopard, Asian golden cat, napkin, indoor langur, golden langur, Assamese otter, mollusk, gazelle, gazelle, Gazelle, Black Panther, Samba and Community Center. The park is known for rare and endangered wildlife species that are not found anywhere in the world, such as turtles under the roofs of Assam, hippie rabbits, golden langurs and dwarfs. Here you can meet the universally largest population of Bengal florists. Other important bird species are fantastic chickens, forest birds, onions, brahmana ducks,

FLORA –

Most forests that change the dry leaves of the river are in the early stages of continuation. The place was replaced by moist deciduous forests without running water, transferred from a semi-green climactic forest north of the park. In the main regions, 543 plant species were registered. Of these, 374 were both legs (including 89), 139 were separate leaves, and 30 were pterosaurs and sperm.

WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN ASSAM KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK

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